Statement of Purpose (SOP): Format, Writing Tips and Requirements


Cyril Zachariah
Updated on Jun 06, 2023 02:04 PM IST

A Statement of Purpose is a document or an essay that outlines your reasons for pursuing a course at a particular university. In this article, you can learn more about what an SOP is, what is expected in a good SOP and what all you should include in an SOP for guaranteed admission in your dream university.

Statement of Purpose (SOP): Samples, Format, Writing Tips and Requirements

As the name implies, a Statement of Purpose (SOP) is a form of essay that outlines or explains to the Admission Committee (AdCom) why they ought to decide on you for an academic programme. Your long-term aims and objectives, the reason you are interested in attending the programme of study, and the reason why you are qualified to take the programme at an academic institution abroad should all be highlighted in the SOP or Statement of Purpose.

To present a more dense image of you as a potential student in front of the AdCom for a specific academic programme or degree, institutions abroad as well as a handful of Indian colleges ask prospective students to present a Statement of Purpose.

An SOP, which stands for Statement of Purpose, is a piece of writing that students are often prompted to submit to institutions abroad for the admissions process. SOPs are requested by universities all over the world for a variety of reasons, but they are largely used to separate genuinely exceptional students from those who are just average.

Nevertheless, it should be emphasised that scholars are capable of standing out with the extra help of an efficiently organised and systematic Statement of Purpose, even those with a higher-than-average professional and educational record.

Why Write a Statement of Purpose (SOP)?

The short answer to the question is - it can make or break your application. A well-written statement of purpose or SOP is not only useful for highlighting your strengths, qualifications and motivation behind choosing a course, but it also helps build a personality or gives character to your applications.

A well-drafted SOP can help you in your selection for a course even with a relatively weak academic profile. Basically, an SOP helps the university admissions committee understand you better and acknowledge your skills, qualifications and ability to pursue a particular course. 

Our admission experts have helped thousands of students with their SOPs and helped them get admission to their desired universities abroad.

Get FREE Guidance from Our Expert on Writing a Good SOP!

How Should You Structure Your SOP?

To structure an SOP you have to follow some simple rules and regulations. It is important to stand out from the crowd and it is necessary to craft it well. Here is a step-by-step guide to writing an SOP from introduction, body and conclusion. 

Paragraph One: Introduction

  • The introduction makes the first impression on the reader. Therefore, it must be catchy and contain the most interesting facts and details or interest related to your chosen course.

  • The paragraph should not be a dull, boring or cookie-cutter introduction. It should be free from grammatical errors and should not contain irrelevant information.

  • You can share an anecdote highlighting the motivation behind pursuing studies in this particular subject.

  • Many students ignore the importance of a good introduction and focus more on the body. Therefore, do not make that mistake and invest enough time in creating a good start.

Paragraphs Two and Three: Academic Background

  • The academic background you provide will depend on the level of the program you are applying for. The details of your academic history give an idea of how it has prepared you for the course you wish to study at the bachelor's, master's or doctoral level.

  • While writing an SOP customise it as per the needs of the course. For example, extracurricular activities are not a must in the case of MS SOP but it serves a purpose in MBA SOP.

  • All in all, talk about your academic history and GPA in school, college and university. Give an example from your industrial exposure and give demonstrative examples of academic performance. Avoid making vague statements.

Paragraph Four: Technical Skills and Professional Experiences

  • It is important to include relevant work or internship experience in your field of study.

  • In case, you do not have any prior work experience, you can mention some relevant skills acquired in the laboratory, research work, projects or papers or simply academics.  

  • Industry visits, workshops, dissertations, awards and achievements that you have engaged in during the course of your study can be included in the same. 

  • You can also write about voluntary work or community service you took part in and how valuable can it prove to your university experience. You can mention how you can participate in your university’s student organisation. 

Paragraphs 5 and 6 - Interests in the Host Country, University, and Course

  • Explain why you want to pursue your higher education in the host country instead of your home country or any other study destination. 

  • Highlight the reasons behind choosing the particular university over any school in the country. Mention how the faculty might help you achieve your goals or the distinctive features of the university that meet your requirements.

  • Your SOP, in this part, should also talk about the reason why you want to pursue your chosen program of study. Mention your research area or subject(s) you are interested in and how you could be a good fit for it and why and how the program is a good fit for you. 

  • Basically, you need to show them that you are making an informed decision.

Paragraph 7 - Career Goals

  • Start with your short-term career goals, be it going for further education, an internship, a job profile you would want to take up or an industry you would like to be a part of.

  • Elaborate about your long-term life and career goals 10-12 years from now and how you would like to contribute to the industry or community.

  • Add the skills you would like to gain by joining the university and the program, which you could eventually apply in the professional world. 

Paragraph 8 - Conclusion

  • Before closing your SOP, ask yourself ‘Why should the university choose me over any other potential applicant?’ 

  • Emphasise your last impression, and essential image, letting the reader know exactly where you stand and how well you would fit in the program. 

  • It should basically be a synopsis of your overall mission statement.

The above SOP format demands a systematic transition from the past to your present and eventually to your future career. When you are done writing your SOP, read it and make sure it fulfils the same.

SOP Format and Template - Components of a Good SOP

Just like a news piece, a statement of purpose is best when is clearly structured, which will further contribute to your credibility in the eyes of the evaluator. Before discussing the structure of an SOP or a sample SOP, we will first understand the key components or elements of a good SOP, which hold balanced importance along with the common mistakes to avoid while writing an SOP.

While writing a Statement of Purpose, there are certain elements or components that you need to ensure are included. These elements are required to provide a completed SOP to the university. Components such as:

Your Personal Background: Briefly describe your background, where you come from, the challenges that you faced along the way and how you overcame them. Keep in mind that this section should be extremely brief and crisp.

Academic Qualifications: While speaking of your academic achievements and profile, keep it short and to the point. State the reasons why you choose the programme or how a particular course helped your decision in pursuing a course or field of study.

Professional/Work Experience (if any): If you have worked, full-time or part-time or volunteered before applying for a course, then mention the same. While it may not be relevant to the field, it does provide you with professional experience.

Your Goals and Aspirations (Short and Long-Term): Highlight a few of your short-term and long-term goals in the SOP. Try and write those goals and aspirations that are related to the course you’re applying to.

Published Works or Submitted Papers: If you have submitted papers or have some other published work, especially if you are looking to pursue a master's or doctoral course, then mention the same.

Reasons to Pursue a Course: It is important to paint an image of why you choose a particular course or field. This will help the admissions committee understand your motivations for pursuing a course.

Reasons for Selecting the University: Highlight the reasons for you choosing that particular university. For instance, talk about the course outcome statistics of the university or the curriculum they have designed for a particular course.

Extracurricular Activities: It is important to highlight the extra-curricular activities that you have participated in during your college or high school and if you have led a team in sports or other activities, highlight them as well. This will help the university understand your leadership skills and team-playing abilities as well.

Note: While mentioning these components is necessary for building a strong Statement of Purpose, you must remember to keep your essay short, sweet and simple.

Learn how to write your SOP with this video:

Tips to Write Impressive SOPs for UG, MS and MBA

While anyone is capable of writing an SOP for their dream course and university abroad, only a few, under the right guidance, can write impressive SOPs for UG, MS and MBA courses abroad. Here we have listed down some of the ways you can use to write impressive SOPs for your dream course abroad.

Tips to Write Impressive SOP for Bachelors (UG)

If you are applying to an undergraduate course and need to submit an SOP for bachelors abroad, then keep the following points in mind:

  • Keep a positive and optimistic yet honest approach when writing your SOPs for bachelors.

  • Be brief and clear in your statements and be sure to avoid adding any unnecessary information that does not add any value to your SOP.

  • Create multiple drafts of your SOP, proofread and edit the same thoroughly and get it checked by professionals, your teachers/professors or any other experienced person who can point out mistakes in the document.

Check out the tips to write an SOP for a bachelor’s degree to get a better and clearer understanding of how you can create your impressive SOP for UG abroad.

Tips to Write an Impressive SOP for MS

More often than not, MS or masters courses abroad would require you to submit an SOP. With increased competition, it becomes crucial to keep the following tips to write an impressive MS SOP:

  • Be sure to create a good structure for the SOP, outlining your academic and professional (if any) progress.

  • A good MS SOP will highlight the candidate’s purpose or motive behind pursuing a particular course or field of study. Here, candidates should highlight not only their interests and motives but also their academic and professional experiences and achievements and their future goals.

  • Be sure to structure and create your SOP as per the course your wish to pursue. In other words, your SOP should not sound generic but should highlight your interests, skills and qualifications with respect to the course you wish to pursue.

Those looking to get a better understanding of writing an SOP for MS may refer to the guidelines to write an SOP for MS abroad.

Tips to Write an SOP for MBA Abroad

One of the common requirements for MBA admissions abroad is submitting a properly structured SOP along with other necessary documents. Here we have outlined some tips to write an impressive MBA SOP:

  • Avoid generic content. One of the important factors to keep in mind when writing your MBA SOP is to ensure that you do not include generic content. The admission committee at your dream college will be looking for standout exceptional students, therefore, highlight your academic, extracurricular and professional experiences and achievements that led to your decision of pursuing an MBA.

  • An impactful start to your SOP as well as an impactful end will ensure that your SOP will have a good impression on the committee. Therefore, it is advisable to connect with professionals or study abroad counsellors to understand you can create your impactful SOP.

  • Be sure to go through the SOP guidelines stipulated by the university offering your dream course. Since they will be receiving thousands of applications for the course, it is necessary to mind the regulations and follow the guidelines around which you must write your SOP for MBA.

If you are interested in writing an impactful and impressive SOP for MBA, we suggest you go through the guidelines to write an SOP for MBA abroad.

Sample SOPs for Undergraduate, Masters and MBA Courses

If you need help in writing an SOP for undergraduate, masters, or MBA courses abroad, then we have added some sample SOPs for higher education below. Click on the following links to find Sample SOPs for undergraduate, masters, and MBA courses abroad:

Common Mistakes to Avoid in an SOP

Needless to say, when writing this document for UG, Masters, or an MBA abroad, there are several common mistakes to avoid in an SOP, as listed below:

Ignoring the Format: It is good to think outside the box, but there are certain times when it is more important to abide by the format and structure accepted for documents such as an SOP.

Adding Irrelevant Information: An SOP is a document highlighting the value of a student and not their life story. Therefore, add information relevant to your admission to your desired course and university.

Grammatical and Spelling Errors: As simple as it sounds, grammatical and spelling errors should be avoided at any cost. Simple grammatical and spelling errors can cost you your admission.

Not Maintaining Vocabulary and Exceeding the Word Limit: Yes the wordings you use, and maintaining the word limit affect your probability of being selected for admission. Check out the tips to maintain Vocabulary, Grammar, and Word Limits in SOPs and Application Essays to avoid these mistakes.

To get a better understanding of the mistakes you should avoid when writing your SOP, check out the common mistakes to avoid while writing an SOP or Application Essay.

Points to Remember While Writing Your SOP

Speaking of short, sweet and simple, there are certain things to remember while writing your Statement of Purpose. Ensure that you keep the following points in mind while writing your next SOP.

Keep it Short: A well-written Statement of Purpose should be completed in about 900 to 1,000 words.

Be Grammatically Correct: While writing a Statement of Purpose, ensure that you are grammatically correct. If you are unsure, seek help from experts or your teachers. Therefore, once you have completed your SOP, go through it at least twice, thoroughly.

Give Details But Don’t Write a Novel: If you have many accomplishments, it is extremely important to highlight them in your SOP. However, it is easy to get carried away and give too many details. Provide those details that are either related to the field you wish to join or those that are too important to miss out.

Avoid Repetition: While writing, you may find yourself repeating a few details or highlighting the same information again. Therefore, before writing an SOP, make a draft and go through it before finalising the statement.

Make Pointers First: Make a list of all the highlights that you wish to mention in the SOP. Make multiple drafts of the SOP and get your teacher or an expert to scrutinize your SOP.

Too Many Cooks Spoil the Broth: While seeking help from experts or teachers is recommended, it is also recommended to seek help from either one or two people at the most. Seeking help from too many people may confuse you and probably even ruin the SOP.

Research: While the statement of purpose is meant to highlight your achievements, motivations, goals and aspirations, taking out time to study all about the course offered by a particular university and even about the university can go a long way. Researching about the course and the university will help you add information for the component requiring you to talk about why you choose a particular course and the particular university.

Avoid Technical Terms: While jargon and technical terms may present you as a knowledgeable candidate, overusing them does not present a good image. Use limited technical terms.

Note: From the pointers mentioned above, one can understand that moderation is the key element. “... Take help but not too much, give details but not too much…” etc.

Crafting an effective and impactful Statement of Purpose is one of the most important steps to take as a prospective study-abroad aspirant. Therefore, it is advisable to follow the guidelines mentioned above to stand a competitive edge over other applicants. From understanding the common mistakes to avoid to the sample SOPs for different types of courses abroad, be sure to check this page and ensure your SOP is as effective as possible.

For further details, you can also write to us at and get in touch with our study abroad team.

Have Queries About Writing the 'Perfect' SOP?


Is a Personal Statement the same as an SOP?

No, a Personal Statement and an SOP are not the same, as an SOP is a two-page essay about your academic background, achievements, experience, career goals, extracurricular activities, etc., while, a personal statement is usually a one-page essay about you, your motivation, achievements, goals and inspiration. However, your SOP may include a brief introduction that may act as a personal statement.

How to write a good SOP with a weak academic background?

In case you have a weak academic record, your SOP should focus more on highlighting your future career goals and how you could add value to the university. Also, do not try to exaggerate the facts or waste your words on flattering the admissions committee. What they will rather be looking for are honesty and authenticity.

How is an MBA SOP different from an MS SOP?

An SOP for MS focuses more on the technical knowledge based on previous academic and professional qualifications, whereas an SOP for MBA focuses more on the managerial and leadership skills of an applicant. To understand the differences between the two, refer to the detailed difference between an SOP for MBA and an MS SOP.

Should I mention my gap year in my SOP?

Yes, it is advisable to mention your gap year, if you happen to take one. In fact, your SOP is the perfect place to explain the gaps that your CV reflects but does not explain. Be honest and state the actual reasons why there is a gap in your education or work history. Be it any reason, a university will certainly appreciate you explaining a gap year especially if it was for over six months.

Is Visa SOP different from University SOP?

Yes, visa SOPs are completely different to university SOP, as visa SOP will highlight your intent on only pursuing higher education in a specific country. Meanwhile, a university SOP will highlight your intentions and motives for pursuing an intended course at a particular level in the chosen university, along with your future goals. Primarily, a university SOP will highlight the academic goals while a visa SOP will highlight the immigration goals of candidates.

Should I mention my backlogs in my SOP?

No, it is advisable to not mention your backlogs in your SOP, unless you are able to bring a positive twist to it. In other words, if your backlog was able to motivate your to work harder and achieve greatness in an area or help you understand your strengths and weakness, then you can mention such backlogs.

Should I add my family history to my SOP?

No, you should not add your family history to your SOP. What an evaluator wants to know about is you as a person and not what family background you come from. Also, since an SOP has a word limit, you cannot waste your words and time elaborating on your family. However, you can add one short sentence if you so wish or think is relevant to your SOP.

Should I add my financial details to my SOP?

No, adding your financial details or background is not usually required in an SOP. However, if you think your financial situation has shaped you academically or as a person in a relevant way, you can go ahead and talk about the financial challenges you faced. However, it is advisable to keep your SOP restricted to your academic and professional experiences.

Should I add a passport-size photograph to my SOP?

No, there is no need to add a passport-sized photograph to your SOP. Universities take an applicant’s photograph separately while submitting an application, or you would be asked to submit the photograph separately. However, if the university asks you to submit a photograph with your SOP, then you should include it as specified.

Can I send the same SOP to different universities?

Yes, you can send the same SOP to different universities, however, it is not advisable to do so. Unless you are applying for a similar course offered by a different university, it is best to make a new SOP. Otherwise, be sure to change the names of the university (if used in the content) and the name of the course (as offered by the different universities) in your SOP.

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