GMAT Quantitative Reasoning


Samarpita Goswami
Updated on Jul 02, 2022 07:08 AM IST

The quantitative reasoning section of the GMAT test measures your ability to analyze and solve problems related to math and data. This guide will help you assess the GMAT Quantitative Reasoning Section well. 

GMAT Quantitative Reasoning

The GMAT Quantitative Reasoning measures your ability to analyse and solve problems related to math and data. It takes about 62 minutes to complete. These types of questions require the knowledge of various math concepts such as arithmetic and elementary algebra. The difficulty of the questions is mainly due to the knowledge and analytical skills that are required to complete them.

The GMAT's quantitative section consists of 31 questions. These tests the critical thinking and problem-solving skills of test-takers. The quantitative section of the GMAT consists of 31 questions and is given over 62 minutes. While it's expected that test-takers will use the math skills they learned in the previous section, it's also focused on their critical thinking and problem-solving abilities.

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Understanding the GMAT Quantitative Reasoning Section

Although many of the questions asked in the GMAT exam Quantitative Reasoning section are high school level, the concepts covered in these sections are still very familiar to most test-takers. Since calculators are not allowed in this section, test-takers should also prepare to perform basic calculations quickly. The time limit for this section is 62 minutes. The difficulty level and duration of the test vary greatly.

Instead of limiting themselves to a certain amount of time per question, test-takers should plan on having 10 questions finished by the end of the test. Almost all of the questions in the quantitative section were scored. The other few questions that were unscored are test-specific questions that are being used in future tests. About one-third of the questions in the Data Sufficiency section is problem solving.

GMAT Quantitative Reasoning Syllabus

The GMAT mathematics syllabus is broad for the Quant section. The following math problems will appear on the GMAT Quant:

  • Word problems 

  • Arithmetic/Number properties

  • Ratio and proportion 

  • Algebra 

  • Statistics 

  • Geometry 

  • Sequences 

  • Overlapping sets 

  • Probability rules and combinatorics 

GMAT Quantitative Reasoning Question Types

Two types of questions are included in the quantitative section: problem-solving and data fluency. 

Problem Solving

Most of the Quantitative sections are composed of multiple-choice questions that require the use of various math and arithmetic concepts. The objective of this test is to test your ability to solve quantitative problems using analytical reasoning and logic. 

Data Sufficiency

This test measures your ability to identify which data is relevant to a given quantitative problem and then solve it. For the test, the question consists of two statements. You must then decide if the data in the statements provide enough information to come up with an answer.

GMAT Quant Score

Though the current GMAT Quantitative Reasoning section score range is 6-51. Candidates receive one raw point for each correct answer. The GMAT score is determined by three factors:

  • How many questions would a student respond to;

  • Whether or whether not the questions are correct;

  • The difficulty and other factors of the questions answered;

If a student correctly answers more than the predicted number of questions with a high level of difficulty, his or her chances of scoring high in the Quant section of the GMAT exam increase. As a result, throughout GMAT Quant preparation, attempt to memorise all of the information.

How is the GMAT Quantitative Section Scored?

The number of exam takers has increased, but the scale scores have remained constant. It has been discovered that students now get more numbers in the Quant section than in the Verbal section. Verbal performance deteriorates over time, although quantitative performance improves. 

In recent years, roughly 12% of students have received 50 to 51 in the GMAT Quantitative Reasoning section of the GMAT exam. Because of the nature of the population and the gradual transition, the quant percentile GMAT does not perfectly match the scaled scores.

The GMAT Quantitative Reasoning section, together with the GMAT Verbal Reasoning section, determines your overall score out of 800. Quantitative values vary from 6 to 51; scores less than 6 and greater than 51 are uncommon.

The number of questions you answer, whether your answers are accurate, and the complexity of the questions you answer correctly, which increases with each correct answer, all contribute to your GMAT Quantitative score.

Moreover, the competition level is quite strong, and a student must score so high by accurately answering the GMAT Quantitative Reasoning questions and answers, as well as prepare so diligently and efficiently to increase their chances of admission to their preferred college.

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Skills Required to Ace GMAT Quantitative Reasoning

The GMAT Quantitative Reasoning section measures your ability to analyze and draw conclusions using logical reasoning. This section of the test tests your ability to analyze and draw conclusions using logical reasoning. 

The Quantitative section of the test consists of 31 multiple-choice questions. Your best performance starts with real GMAT questions that were taken by real students. The Official Starter Kit provided by GMAT itself includes 30 practice questions for the Quantitative section and tips and strategies for improving your performance.

What Skills Do You Need to Acquire? 

Doing well in the quantitative reasoning section of the GMAT exam is very important. Knowing how to apply math to reasoning questions is very important. In addition to numbers, arithmetic also includes topics such as algebra and probability Algebra. 

Arithmetic is divided into integers, fractions, powers and roots. In algebra, topics such as functions and variable sets are commonly covered. In algebra, students can also learn how to solve problems involving different kinds of equations.

In geometry, students will also learn how to solve problems involving the properties of geometric objects. Trilaterals, cylinders, and circles are some of the properties of geometric objects that are studied in geometry.

How to Master GMAT Quant Problem Solving?

The objective of the GMAT problem-solving questions is to demonstrate how analytical reasoning and logic can solve quantitative problems. Don’t spend too much time checking answers or thinking about the problems you find difficult. Doing so can help you finish the section. Use the erasable note board to work out the answers at the test centre. Follow these simple steps to solve the questions:

  • Thoroughly read the questions to determine what data is being asked.

  • Before you answer a question, make sure to thoroughly skim the answer choices. 

  • Doing so will prevent you from wasting time and effort trying to answer a blank page.

  • Not knowing the exact approximation should make you waste time doing long calculations.

  • Instead of trying to solve a difficult problem, select the best solution options available.

How to Prepare for Quant in GMAT?

One of the most difficult portions of the GMAT Quantitative Reasoning section is the Data Sufficiency question. They are very different from the previous ones and require a bit of practice to get used to. While the strategy for the Data Sufficiency questions will be similar to that of other tests, you must know how to approach them.

The same answer choices will also be used for every question. By the time the test day rolls around, you will have a clear idea of the answers. Take a look at the first and second statements and determine if they should be sufficient. Doing so will allow you to knock off the third, fourth, and fifth answer choices.

If the first statement is not enough, then eliminate the fourth and first choices. This will become second nature for you. For a Data Sufficiency question, try to find sufficiency instead of finding the answer. Although you may not have to find the answer, try to find out if there is enough information to provide an answer.

Related Reads:

GMAT Integrated Reasoning GMAT Analytical Writing
How to Score a Perfect 800 on GMAT? 6 Reasons Why You Should Choose GRE Over GMAT

Best Ways to Study for GMAT Quantitative Section

After knowing in detail about the GMAT Quantitative Reasoning Section, let us shed some light on the best practices and ways to study for the GMAT Quantitative Section: 

Review the Basics of Mathematics

The main math concepts in the GMAT Quantitative Reasoning Section are relatively simple. Most people don’t study them very often, so they must be first reviewed. All of your major study guides should have a section that reviews the concepts. Doing so will help you get back on track and avoid repeating the material. For those concepts that will take a bit longer to develop in your brain, try creating flashcards. They’ll help keep you focused.

Use Official Material to Take Test

Taking a practice test will give you an idea of where you are and how far you have to go to be successful. Getting an idea of where you are at and how far you have to go will help you prepare for the real test. Don’t worry about the score too much, as the rest of the plan is for the practice test.

Analyse Practise Test

Review the questions that were asked during the practice test and make note of the correct answers. Take the time to review the questions that were asked during the practice test and make note of the correct answers. A spreadsheet will help you answer the incorrect questions. It will also serve as a great tool to prepare for the real GMAT test.

Work on Your Weakness

If you have a hard time with geometry questions, try taking some GMAT practice questions about angles. Go back to the problems that you previously incorrectly answered. Use your spreadsheet to go back and do the same thing over and over again. You can then try to answer another weak area.

Keep Taking Mock Test

There are many math topics that you need to know to score well in the GMAT Quantitative Reasoning section. But taking practice tests can help you get started. This test is very demanding and requires a level of familiarity and avoidance of common pitfalls. To master it, you should practice and take multiple practice tests.

Learn Strategies

Learn tactics and strategies such as back-solving, number plugging, and estimation. With practice, you'll learn how to select the most efficient method from your toolbox.

Do Not Neglect Time

Do not ignore the time constraint. A timing problem is frequently a symptom of adopting the incorrect, lengthy way to tackle a problem.

Read Everything Carefully

Whether they are instructions or questions, always make a habit of reading every piece of information more carefully. Mostly in the GMAT exam, it is common to get the correct response to the incorrect question. Pay great attention to the words.

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What is the GMAT Quantitative Reasoning (Quant) section?

The GMAT Quantitative Reasoning (Quant) section examines your ability on two types of problems based on quantitative aptitude or, more informally, mathematical expertise. The Quantitative Reasoning (QR) part contains 31 questions. The QR section should take 62 minutes to finish, which means you have two minutes to answer each question.

How many GMAT Quantitative questions can I miss?

In short, you can earn a respectable score on the GMAT Quant section even if you miss 16-22 questions. However, it is equally possible to miss 16-22 questions in the Quant part and receive a low score. You are not going to miss 5 or 10 questions unless you're shooting for a 99th-percentile score, and even then, you might not! 

How many questions are there in GMAT Quantitative Reasoning?

The Quantitative Reasoning part of the GMAT consists of 31 multiple-choice questions. The GMAT exam's Quantitative Reasoning part assesses your ability to reason quantitatively, solve quantitative problems, and comprehend graphic data. You will have 62 minutes to finish it.

Is GMAT Quantitative Reasoning difficult?

No, the GMAT Quantitative Reasoning section is not at all difficult if you have practised well. The GMAT Quant section is more rational and requires fewer calculations. If you understand the fundamentals, preparing for the quant section will be a breeze. If you are weak in quant, you should first focus on your basic math skills before tackling the GMAT quant.

What are two types of questions in the GMAT Quantitative section?

The GMAT Quantitative Reasoning section contains two types of questions: problem-solving and data sufficiency. Both types of questions necessitate a basic understanding of arithmetic, elementary algebra, and geometric principles. The complexity of the questions originates from the required logic and analytical skills, not the underlying math ability.

What is GMAT Official Quantitative Practice? Is GMAT Official Quantitative Practice the same as GMAT Focus?

The GMAT Official Quantitative Practice is a tool that allows users to take three computer-adaptive quizzes focusing on the GMAT exam's quantitative reasoning section. GMAT Official Quantitative Practice is a new version of GMAT Focus that has the same official GMAT questions and adaptive algorithms as GMAT Focus.

Are calculators allowed on the GMAT Quant?

No, calculators are not allowed on the GMAT Quantitative Reasoning section. Hence, it is important to sharpen your mental math ability. The GMAT is a test of your mental math, logic, and problem solving skills. That is why you are unable to use a calculator. You shouldn't need a calculator to solve issues, and the fact that you can not use one is integrated into the test's design.

What is the scaled score in GMAT Quantitative Reasoning Section?

The GMAT Quantitative Reasoning section has a scaled score ranging from 0 to 60, although GMAC only displays scores between 6-51. There are numerous aspects that contribute to the final cumulative score you will obtain. This score is determined by how many questions you successfully answer, how difficult those questions are, and how many questions you answer in total.

What is a good GMAT quant score?

A good GMAT Quant score is anything above 45. A score of 45 or higher on the Quant part is frequently deemed excellent enough for someone without much of a quantitative background, even by top-10 colleges. However, if you are an engineer or financial analyst, you may need to set your sights higher.

Is GMAT Quant and CAT Quant the same?

More or less, the GMAT quant and CAT quant sections are almost the same. The CAT and GMAT quantitative section syllabus are extremely similar. The GMAT Quant section, on the other hand, is significantly less tough than the CAT exam. Similarly, there are more sorts of questions in the GMAT Verbal Section. When it comes to the length of the exam, one must be patient.

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