Learning Vocabulary for IELTS – The What, Why, and How?
One of the issues that many candidates face when attempting the IELTS exam is their lack of vocabulary words for IELTS. The idea is to concentrate on the crucial vocabulary words for IELTS which you will most likely need for the exam. If you become a ‘word collector’, the exam will be fairly uncomplicated.
The IELTS exam is graded on a nine-band scale, with 9 being the highest and 1 being the lowest. Having a strong command of vocabulary words for IELTS and grammar can help you achieve a high band score. So, let us start with two Ws (What and Why) and one H (How).
What Vocabulary for IELTS Does a Test-taker Need to Know?
An average native English speaker is estimated to have a vocabulary of approximately 20,000 to 30,000 words. This is where things may get complicated for non-native English speakers. There are so many topics you might encounter like science, health, education, environment, space, etc. for which you must latch on to a wide pool of wordlist i.e., vocabulary for IELTS.
The academic field is an excellent place to seek vocabulary words for IELTS because here you will learn most of the words used in the E2 IELTS Writing Vocabulary part. You can also enrich your IELTS speaking vocabulary by embracing the most frequent English words. You can find over 2,000 of these words in the General Service List or the New General Service List that account for nearly 85% of most IELTS reading texts.
The remaining 15% is made up of what we will refer to as technical or topic-specific terminology. If you are reading an animal-related text, for instance, this may include words like habitat, livestock, predators, foraging, and captivity. This type of language is best learned by considerable reading on your behalf, careful moderation by your teacher, or a hybrid of both. So that covers the first W (What), let us now look at the second W (Why).
Why is Building the Vocabulary for IELTS Exam Important?
When test takers and tutors are looking for shortcuts, techniques, and hacks, they often neglect a basic premise of language assessment. The general rule is that the higher your language proficiency, the higher your IELTS score.
To know IELTS Map Vocabulary, a reader must be familiar with 95-98% of the terms in a text in order to comprehend it. For example, the majority of the reading you perform in a General English course at an intermediate level is 'graded'. In other words, it has been updated to make it easier for the learner at that level to understand. Hence, intermediate learners have no trouble understanding the text.
In the case of IELTS, the texts are usually of a C1/C2 level (i.e. advanced level). The average learner at this level should know between 8,000 and 16,000 words. Therefore, if your vocabulary for IELTS is at a B1 level or ‘graded’, you are unlikely to comprehend C1 material well enough to answer the questions. So that covers the second W (Why) and brings us to the last one H (How).
How to Learn New Vocabulary Words for IELTS?
It takes more than just downloading a word list of vocabulary for IELTS from the internet to know the exact vocabulary words for IELTS. It is great to have a list of words provided by someone else, but it would not help you much to expand your own IELTS writing vocabulary or your IELTS speaking vocabulary. What you should concentrate on, according to Paul Nation (an internationally acclaimed scholar in the field of linguistics and teaching methodology), is incidental and deliberate learning. Can you use this method to learn vocabulary for IELTS? Let us go through them one by one:
This is what happens when your attention is diverted from acquiring vocabulary words for IELTS. Maybe you are reading the newspaper, watching a movie, listening to a podcast, taking an IELTS practice test, or conversing with a friend. You come across a word you have already come across before, this is called incidental learning. The more you come across these words in varied contexts (rather than just on a word list!), the better you will grasp them.
The deliberate acquisition of new vocabulary is an important component of vocabulary enhancement. It happens when you are completely focused on acquiring language. You could be looking for a definition, making a translation, composing an example phrase, or practising spelling or pronunciation. In other words, when you are learning consciously and intentionally then it is called deliberate learning.
Tips to Prepare Your Vocabulary for IELTS
Candidates should adhere to these guidelines meticulously as they prepare for vocabulary words for IELTS exam. At the end of the day, getting a decent grade is the first step toward fulfilling the dream of studying abroad.
Read, Listen, Understand and Converse in English
Read English newspapers to develop a reading habit. If you come across a new word while reading, make a note of it and look it up. To expand your vocabulary words for IELTS, search the internet for blogs, articles, texts, and so forth. This habit will ensure that you come across new phrases or vocabulary for IELTS and will also provide you with a better grasp of how the words are used.
Listen to YouTube Instead of Watching
You can use YouTube to learn how to pronounce academic words and watch English shows to learn a new lexicon. Listen to podcasts and TED talks and take notes on the words the speaker uses. This will assist you in comprehending the impact of various words and eventually improve your vocabulary for IELTS.
Progressive practice is the key to achieving a high IELTS result. If you do not have time to read and expand your vocabulary words for IELTS, you may look through several lists of essential words for the IELTS exam. Start with 10 words, then 15 the next day, and 20 the day after that. This will help you to focus on the exam-relevant words.
No Memorisation, Only Comprehension
The memorisation of words should be avoided because the meaning of words changes depending on their context. Reading comprehension requires decoding, fluency, and vocabulary abilities. Understanding the entire text depends on your ability to connect ideas within and between phrases. You can improve your reading skills by reading aloud and discussing your experiences.
Invest in a Dictionary and Make the Most of It
Do not limit your search to the definitions of a dictionary. Examine the word's pronunciation, spelling, and usage, that is how you learn vocabulary for IELTS. Scrutinise every new word you encounter and look at how its meaning varies in different contexts. If the provided phonemic characters are unclear to you, you can listen to and practise the sounds by viewing the British Council's interactive phonemic chart provided on its official website.
Keep Track of All New Words You Come Across
Keep an IELTS writing vocabulary notebook handy with you at all times. Keep reading it frequently, but immediately note down any new word you encounter so that you can go back to your mini-dictionary and learn it afterwards. Translations made only by switching between languages might occasionally be deceptive. In addition to a translation dictionary, try using an English-to-English dictionary. Why not note down new words on your phone to keep an eye on them later whenever and wherever you need them?
You do not require a large IELTS writing or speaking vocabulary of advanced, technical, or even academic terms. What you do need are the necessary words to communicate about a variety of issues in common English, as well as the skill to use them wisely and accurately. Most questions in the IELTS exam can be answered with a well-selected IELTS Writing Task 2 vocabulary of keywords and phrases.
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