Updated on Mar 01, 2023 11:17 AM IST
Germany is one of the most popular study destinations with relation to its evolving job market and the rising demand for fresh talent in a range of fields. Among the main sectors looking for international workers are chemical, engineering, IT, electronic, machinery, coal, food and beverages, vehicles, machine tools, shipbuilding and textile. For many students, choosing to study abroad is accompanied by finding a job and settling in the country as well. Germany, like other countries, allows students to both find jobs after their graduation as well as find work while studying in the country as well.
All Non-EU students are allowed to work in Germany, provided they have applied for the appropriate Visa after studies. The visa will allow you to work in the country, however, will not classify you as a citizen. If you wish to settle, you must apply for a settlement permit.
Similar to some of the top study abroad destinations in the world, Germany also allows students to work while they are completing their programme. However, there are numerous restrictions and guidelines that need to be met, and not every international student will be treated equally.
Being part of the EU, Germany segregates international students from EU and EEA countries including Switzerland, Lichtenstein, Norway and Iceland and international students from all other countries. EU/EEA and the selected countries enjoy certain benefits due to their participation in the EU, while, Non-EU/EEA students need to adhere to stricter regulations.
Ranging from working hours, types of working regulations to permissions and visa requirements, the rules for the different types of international students change their working opportunities. It should be noted that India comes under the Non-EU/EEA category, the stricter of the regulations apply to students from India.
If you have planned your studies in Germany and are looking to work while studying in the country and are confused about the particularities regarding the same, we recommend talking to our study abroad experts who will help you find the perfect course, institutes and even help you with the entire admission process and visa application processes.
Here are the Best Courses You Can Study in Germany.
Most international students in Germany choose to work during the course of their studes. While many of them work to pay off their education loans, students also take up jobs to earn extra-pocket money. As per the rules, international students are allowed to work in Germany provided they adhere to certain rules and regulations, such as hours of work per week, employment types and approval, if needed.
The current rules and regulations to work in Germany While Studying include:
Students can work up to 120 full days a year or 240 half days a year. Any additional hours that a student may require will first need to be approved by the FEA, the Employment Agency of the country.
Students will be allowed to work in any kind of employment except freelancing or self-employment.
Those students enrolled in language or preparatory courses will first need to get approval from the FEA and then find a job.
Note: All universities in Germany have a Career Guidance counsellor or International Students Office that can help you in not only finding a job but also help you understand the rules and regulations of working while studying in the Germany. They may also assist you or inform you of the processes that you need to complete before you are able to work in the country.
Like any other country, students are allowed to take up jobs to reduce their financial burden. Therefore, like other countries, students will be able to find jobs in retail stores, supermarkets, the university, and other profiles as well. The ability to work while studying also helps in enhancing a student's resume, which can further boost his/her chances in finding a long-term career in Germany as well, provided they find a part-time job in the relevant field. Here are a few jobs On-Campus and Off-campus that you can take up to earn a few bucks.
On-Campus Jobs: On-campus jobs can be an easy option for students who do not wish to travel much. With the opportunity of working where you are studying, you need not worry about scheduling your service shift according to your classes. However, working in the university may not do much in terms of gaining work experience for your field.
Off-Campus: A popular option among international and national students alike is finding off-campus jobs. This is so due to the chances of finding a job that pays a little better than On-campus jobs. However, working off-campus may make you feel a little stressed due to several reasons such as inadequate physical rest, work environment stress, etc.
Among the many benefits of studying in Germany is the job opportunities that graduates have on offer across a variety of disciplines. Like a number of countries across the globe, Germany is also in need of skilled and qualified candidates to fill up the vacancies throughout different industries. Unsurprisingly, the top-paying jobs in the country often require a bachelor's, master's or doctoral degree. With a high demand for skilled candidates, low unemployment rates and numerous vacant roles across industries, Germany becomes one of the most attractive countries for Indian students.
Here is a list of some of the highest-paying jobs in Germany that international students could apply for after graduation.
Medicine: Among the most valued professions in any country, graduates of medicine and dentistry can earn an average of EUR 75,000 - 80,000 per annum.
Law: Another group of essential professionals necessary for a country’s democratic survival are lawyers. Reports suggest that lawyers in Germany can earn an average of EUR 70,000 - 75,000 per annum.
Engineering Professions: Without discriminating against any of the fields of Engineering, graduates of any engineering subject will find themselves employed in a variety of roles with average salary packages ranging from EUR 65,000 - 70,000 per annum initially.
Computer Science Professions: With the turn of the century focusing on technology and digitisation, mathematicians, computer scientists developers, programmers, etc are in high demand. The salary packages for Computer Science in Germany could range from EUR 63,000 - 69,000 per annum.
Business and Entrepreneurship: One of the most financially rewarding professions, business and management graduates in management and leadership roles across industries will find themselves earning, on average, an annual salary ranging from EUR 60,000 - 80,000 per year.
Architecture: Another lucrative occupation is Architecture, where graduates in Germany can earn on average anywhere between EUR 50,000 - 70,000 per annum.
There are a number of fields and disciplines that produce skilled and qualified graduates who can earn extremely lucrative salary packages. It should be noted that the salary packages that any candidate receives will be heavily dependent on several factors such as the skills, qualifications and experience they bring to the table along with others.
Many countries abroad and in the European Union require international students, who graduated from a German University to apply for Visas. In Germany, international students do not need to apply for Post-Study Work Visa, however, they are required to extend their Visas to stay in the country, if they wish to Work after graduating in Germany. This is applicable to Non-EU and EEA students only. As per regulations, students who wish to extend their stay should apply for the same at the Alien’s Registration Office.
In Germany, for those aspiring to work after their studies, they must extend their residence permit for up to 18 months in order to get a job pertaining to their field of study. Here are the documents you, as a student, needs to provide the Registration Office regarding extension of their residence permit.
Document or Certificate of completion of your studies from a recognised German Higher Education Institution.
Proof of Financial Support for the next 18 months.
Proof of Health Insurance in the country.
Students are required to extend their residence permit if they wish to find a job in the country. After finding a job, students can then apply for an EU Blue Card, much like the Green Card in the USA. An EU Blue Card will enable you to work in any EU State. Students will also be able to live in Germany with their applications.
Students from outside the EU/EEA can work after graduating from a German university and extend their residence permit for up to 18 months to look for work related to their course of study.
The 18 months will begin immediately after the student receives their final exam results which lets them find work during their final semester. During these 18 months, the student is allowed to seek any kind of employment and work as much as they want.
As soon as a student finds a job he/she likes, they must apply for an EU Blue Card which is the US equivalent of a Green Card. Applicants will be allowed to stay in German until the application for EU Blue Card is processed.
The EU Blue Card is preferable for those who intend to live and work in another EU state. In case a student wishes to apply for the Blue Card, they must have been offered a job that pays a minimum of €53,000 (US$57,844) a year or €41,808 (US$45,629) a year for engineers, natural scientists, mathematicians, physicians or technicians.
In case a student wants to stay in Germany and become a permanent resident, they can apply for a ‘settlement permit’ two years after receiving their work and residence permit or EU Blue Card.
In Germany, an international graduate is offered a number of opportunities to choose from and make a living. Here are the most popular post-study work opportunities in Germany:
Starting a Business: In case someone has at least one unique innovative idea that they believe could become a business, then they can think of setting up a business. To get more information about the same, one can visit the Competence Centre on Migrant Entrepreneurship website.
Research: One may also carry on working in research by applying for research posts at higher education institutions. These posts are usually temporary as they are related to a particular project. However, one may find such opportunities not only at higher education institutions but also at a research institute or industry.
Industry: Germany as a range of small, medium and large-sized businesses that have a history of employing international students for various job roles. Working in an industry also means that salaries would increase on a yearly basis depending on the profits made by the company.
Public Service/NGOs: Germany also encourages international students to work in the public service which means working for a public body, foundation or institution. Such employees are employed at local, federal state or federal government level. While NGOs, institutions and foundations are set aside from public service, they are based on it and collective agreements apply to salaries at NGOs as well. They also have the same labour conditions as the German public sector.
Learn About the Post-Study Work Options in Germany for You!
Where can international students find part-time jobs in Germany?
There are several different ways that international students can find part-time jobs in Germany, however, some of the popular ways include the University Bulletin Board, Career’s Office, Friends and Fellow Students and the most promising of them all, online job portals.
Can I work in Germany if I’m only studying a Language Course in Germany?
As per regulations, you will not be able to work under a German Language Student Visa, however, these students can seek approval from the FEA and find a job for themselves in Germany.
What are the post-study work regulations for international students in Germany?
For international students looking to work after graduation in Germany, they must first apply for an 18-month extension on the residence permit, look for a job according to the field of study they completed in Germany, which after they receive the extension, they can then apply for an EU Blue Card, similar to the US Green Card, allowing them to work anywhere in the EU.
What documents are needed for the extension of the residence permit in Germany?
Among the different documents needed for the extension of the residence permit for international students in Germany include the student’s passport, Certificate of proof of completing their studies from a German higher education institution, proof of financial capability for an additional 18 months and proof of health insurance in the country.
What are the rules to work after studying in Germany?
While international students do not need any post-study work visa to work after graduation in Germany, non-EU and EEA students must still apply for an extension of the visa stay in Germany and subsequently look for a job relating to the field of study they graduated in.
Can international students be self-employed while working in Germany?
No, the current regulations bar international students from engaging in any self-employed activities.
How many hours can international students work in Germany?
As per current rules and regulations, international students are only allowed to work 120 full days in a year, or 240 half days in a year. For those wishing to work additional hours, relevant permission should be obtained ahead of time from the employment agency of the country, FEA.
Where can I work as a non-EU/non-EEA student in Germany?
As a non-EU/non-EEA student in Germany, you can find work on-campus jobs such as research assistant, library supervisor, or a tutor or tutoring assistant, or off-campus jobs such as working in a trade fair, media, or as a bartender, waiter/waitress, cashier, etc.
Can international students work while studying in Germany?
Yes, all international students regardless of their nationality, can work part-time during their studies in Germany. However, there are rules and regulations in place that govern the type of jobs they can take up and the hours they can work, etc.
What job sectors are seeking international students in Germany?
Some of the job sectors that have been seeking skilled and qualified students in Germany include Engineering, Chemical, IT, Automotive, Textile, Machinery, Electronics, and much more.
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